KDbg

A Graphical Debugger Interface

What is KDbg?

KDbg is a graphical user interface to gdb, the GNU debugger. It provides an intuitive interface for setting breakpoints, inspecting variables, and stepping through code.

KDbg requires KDE, the K Desktop Environment, but you can of course debug any program.

Features

If you are missing your favorite feature, see the todo-list whether I plan to add it. Drop me a note if you can't find it!

Author

KDbg is authored by Johannes Sixt.

Screenshots

The Main Window

Main Window

The largest subwindow of the this screenshot is the source code. Below the breakpoint list is visible. The right column shows local variables, watched expressions, and the thread list (from top to bottom).

To the left of the lines of source code the breakpoints as well as the current point of execution are indicated. You see different kinds of breakpoints: normal, disabled, temporary.

Clicking the small '+' signs in front of the source code lines will display the machine code of the source line.

Variables and Watches

Local variables and watched expressions

This screen shot shows the local variables (of the current stack frame) and arbitrary watch expressions side by side. Notice that the contents of certain class members are displayed next to the variable, in this case of type QString, although the variable is not expanded. Variables that have changed since the last stop are indicated in red color.

Download

Download Source Code

Click here to download the source code of KDbg 2.9.0 - stable version (from SourceForge.net).

Consider joining the KDbg mailing list.

Download via git

KDbg development uses git. To clone the git repository, do this, which you need to do only once:

git clone git://repo.or.cz/kdbg.git
git checkout -b maint origin/maint

This will create a new directory kdbg in your current directory that contains the entire development history. It will follow the stable branch of KDbg. If you already have done this in the past, you can download the latest stable version with this command:

git pull origin maint

You can browse the history also via a gitweb interface.

Compile and Install

Compiling is straight forward. Extract the source archive, then go to the newly created directory and type:

cmake .
make
sudo make install

It is necessary that you have the KDE header files and libraries installed. Some distributions do not automatically install the header files. Please make sure that you installed them. It may also be necessary to explicitly tell the location of KDE, e.g.:

cmake -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=/opt/kde4 .

Download Binaries

Official Debian packages are available from http://packages.debian.org/kdbg. (Special thanks go to Ana Guerrero!)

Development version

A new development cycle is maintained in the GIT repository, in the branch master. To download it, you need git. To clone this branch of the git repository, do this, which you need to do only once:

git clone git://repo.or.cz/kdbg.git

This will automatically set up your working directory to follow the development branch master. If you already have done this in the past, you can download the development version with this command:

git pull

Contributing

Contributions are, of course, always welcome. If you have a favorite patch, just send it to me (see footer for email address). But if you have a more voluminous change that you want to have included, you better use git. Here is the recommended workflow:

git clone git://repo.or.cz/kdbg.git

hack away; commit small steps using git commit

git push -f mob@repo.or.cz:/srv/git/kdbg.git master:mob

Send notification to me that something new is available.

The first two steps are only needed once. The push step uploads your work to the public repository and makes it available for others to download.

This step actually uses the mob branch in the public repository, which is shared by all contributors that follow this workflow. Since the last command will overwrite the contribution that previously was in the branch, this workflow will work out only as long as there are only infrequent contributions so that I find time to download the branch before someone else overwrites it. But it saves you, the contributor, from having your own public repository, or to create patches from your work.

Recent Changes

Release notes for version 2.9.0.

Release notes for version 2.5.6.

Release notes for version 2.5.5.

Release notes for version 2.5.4.

Release notes for version 2.5.3.

Release notes for version 2.5.2.

Release notes for version 2.5.1.

Release notes for version 2.5.0.

Tips & Tricks

For more tips see the online documentation.

Displaying variable values in different formats

You can use gdb's format specifiers for displaying values in the expression watch window in different formats. Just prefix the expression to display by the format specifier. Example: /x foo->bar will display the value of foo->bar in hexadecimal notation. Here is a list of gdb's format specifiers:

/x hexadecimal /f float
/o octal /a address
/d decimal /i instruction
/u unsigned decimal /c char
/t binary /s string

Setting breakpoints in dynamically loaded modules

The problem with dynamically loaded modules is that the debugger doesn't know about the symbol information until the module has been loaded by dlopen(). This is extremely annoying if you want to debug constructors that are run for static variables. The following trick works on systems that use glibc2.

  1. Set a breakpoint that the program will hit before it loads the dynamic module, e.g. in main.
  2. Run the program until it stops at this breakpoint.
  3. Now you can set a breakpoint in the function _dl_debug_state. For this, open the breakpoint list (View|Breakpoints), Type _dl_debug_state in the edit box and click Add.
  4. Continue the program until it stops at this breakpoint, which happens somewhere inside dlopen()! At this time, the symbols of the dynamic module are already available, but the constructors are not yet executed.
  5. Now you can set a breakpoint in your constructor.
Be prepared that the breakpoint at _dl_debug_state will be hit several times while dlopen() does its work.

Note that the orphaned breakpoints feature does not really help. The reason is that orphaned breakpoints are not tried to be installed until the program stops. For this reason it is still required to set the breakpoint in _dl_debug_state. However, the breakpoints are preserved and can be set at any time, even before the program starts.

Remote debugging

There's a hack so you can do remote debugging.  Invoke kdbg like this:

kdbg -r /dev/ttya proggy

Then KDbg issues the following gdb commands, in effect, it allows you to debug a remote target:

target remote /dev/ttya
file proggy

As you see, you could also do remote debugging through TCP/IP connection like this:

kdbg -r flaky:12345 proggy

assuming host flaky is running gdbserver with proggy on port 12345.

Note that you can set a program specific gdb command using the Settings|This Program menu.

To do

The following is a list of things that I intend to build in some day. They are roughly sorted most important first. You can influence the order by dropping me a note or by building it in yourself and sending me the patch :-). There is also a TODO file in the source code which lists many more items.

  1. Display a list of files that the program is built from.
  2. Manipulating signals and how gdb handles them.
  3. Remember which structures were expanded.

The following is a list of things that are not very likely ever to find their way into KDbg.


Get KDbg at SourceForge.net. Fast, secure and Free Open Source software downloads

Last modified January 12, 2017